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Cardiology

At the Cardiology Department of Chellaram Diabetes Institute, a team of renowned cardiologists, nurse, technicians and paramedics work closely to offer quality cardiology services. The department is equipped with requisite modern facility to carry out comprehensive cardiology check up and diagnose cardiologic ailments and complications of Diabetes.

The Cardiac Catheterization Laboratory (also known as the cardiac Cath lab) offers a variety of diagnostic and interventional cardiology procedures used in the treatment of coronary artery and peripheral vascular disease.
The lab consists of state-of-the-art equipment SIEMENS ARTIS ZEE. The Artis Zee biplane system features excellent performance for imaging and position flexibility.

·         Coronary Angiography: is a diagnostic procedure which uses a special dye and x-rays to detect how many blood vessels are blocked and the location and severity of the blockages. The dye is injected into the blood vessel to detect any blockages in the blood flow. X-ray images (called angiograms) are taken to see how the dye travels through the blood vessel. Angiograms are used to manage the treatment plan which may include medication or surgery, like angioplasty. Angiography can be performed on the blood vessels leading to the heart, brain, lung, kidneys and arms and legs. 

·          Coronary Angioplasty: A coronary angioplasty is a minimally invasive procedure used to widen narrowed or obstructed arteries or veins. The term 'angioplasty' means using a balloon to stretch open a narrowed or blocked artery.

·         Renal Angiography:Healthy kidneys are vital to our well-being. Systemic disorders like Diabetes and hypertension might lead to renal damage.  A renal angiogram is a diagnostic, imaging test to examine the blood vessels in our kidneys. It helps identify ballooning of a blood vessel (aneurysm), narrowing of a blood vessel (stenosis) or blockages in a blood vessel

·         Renal Angioplasty:  If the renal arteries are narrowed and the blood flow is restricted, they can be stretched with a balloon (angioplasty) to improve blood flow, reduce blood pressure and maintain better kidney function. A small flexible tube called a catheter can be positioned inside the renal artery. An angioplasty is performed by using a catheter that has a tiny balloon attached to the end.

·         Peripheral Angiography: A peripheral angiogram is a diagnostic test that uses X-rays and dye to help identify narrowed or blocked areas in one or more of the arteries that supply blood to the legs.

·         Peripheral Angioplasty: Angioplasty is a procedure to open narrowed or blocked blood vessels that supply blood to your pelvis, legs, knees, ankles and also your arms. Fatty deposits can build up inside the arteries and block blood flow. A balloon or stent (a small, metal mesh tube) is inserted in the artery to open any blockages. Angioplasty and stent placement are two ways to open blocked peripheral arteries

·         Carotid Angiography: Carotid arteries are large blood vessels that supply your brain with blood. Carotid angiography is a diagnostic imaging procedure that involves inserting a thin, flexible tube called a catheter into an artery leading to the carotids. Contrast fluid is then injected through the catheter which makes it easier to see the carotids on the X-rays.

·         Carotid Angioplasty: Carotid angioplasty is a procedure that opens clogged arteries to prevent or treat stroke. The carotid arteries are located on either side of the neck and are the main arteries supplying blood to the brain.

·         Balloon mitral Valvuloplasty: A balloon valvotomy is a treatment procedure used to increase the opening of the narrowed valve (mitral valve stenosis). It is a procedure that widens the mitral valve to enable increased blood flow through the heart.

·         D.S.A : Digital subtraction angiography (DSA)involves taking images of arteries, veins and organs of the body using a special dye (a clear liquid which shows on x-rays due to its high density) to highlight blood supply to the legs, heart or other organ. 

·         A S D closure: The heart is divided into four separate chambers. The upper chambers, or atria, are divided by a wall called the atrial septum. An atrial septal defect (ASD) is an opening or hole in the septum. This defect causes oxygen-rich blood to leak from the left side of the heart to the right side. During the closure procedure, the doctor inserts a catheter with a small deflated balloon on its tip through the blood vessel to the hole. The balloon is inflated to measure the size of the hole. The closure device is introduced through the catheter and placed on the hole.

·         V S D closure: The lower chambers, or ventricles, are divided by a wall called the ventricular septum. A ventricular septal defect (VSD) is an opening or hole in the septum. Ventricular Septal Defect is the most common type of heart malformation (congenital heart disease). At least 1 baby in every 500 is born with a VSD. The doctor uses a catheter to introduce a small device often shaped like an umbrella. This device is used it to plug up the hole in the wall.

·         I V C filter: The inferior vena cava is the largest vein in the body. It carries blood from the legs to the right atrium of the heart and then to the lungs. An inferior vena cava filter or IVC filter is a small cone-shaped device that is implanted in the inferior vena cava just below the kidneys. The filter is designed to capture an embolism (a blood clot) that has broken loose from one of the deep veins in the legs on its way to the heart and lung.

·         P.D.A.: In PDA, abnormal blood flow occurs between two of the major arteries connected to the heart. Before birth, the two major arteries - the aorta and the pulmonary artery - are connected by a blood vessel called the ductus arteriosus. This vessel is an essential part of fetal blood circulation

·         Pacemaker Implantation: A pacemaker is an electronic device that continuously monitors the heart rhythm and prevents your heart beat from slowing down. The generator in the pacemaker (battery and electronic microchip) is usually placed under the skin beneath the collarbone. One or more insulated electrodes are inserted into a nearby v ein so that the transmitted electrical impulses reach the appropriate part of the heart that requires stimulation.

·         Aortic Stenting (Aneurysms & Stenosis):  The aorta is the main blood vessel carrying blood from the heart to the limbs. An aortic aneurysm occurs when the aorta becomes enlarged. This enlargement causes the walls of the aorta to thin out and become more prone to rupture. Aortic stenting is a procedure to prevent aortic rupture. This involves placing a stent-graft, a fabric covered metal tube, inside the aorta to depressurize the aortic sac and prevent it from rupturing.

 

·         Drug Eluting Stent: Stents are small mesh tubes inserted to keep arteries open an angioplasty. Drug-eluting stents have a polymer coating over the mesh that emits a drug over time to help keep the blockage from coming back. Drug eluting stents help prevent the growth of scar tissue in the artery lining keeping  the artery unblocked and preserving good blood flow.